you have Charleston, South Carolina!
Most of these photos were taken after a morning run along The Battery…..just imagine the splendor awaiting throughout the other areas of the city!
Before steelmaking was perfected, wrought iron was the most common type of malleable iron. Wrought actually means "made by hand" or "to work".
Its history precedes medieval times…when wrought iron was first recorded as being used for decorative purposes. In ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, wrought iron was used for making weapons and tools.
Wrought iron production and demand soared with the introduction of ironclad warships and railway growth and was pivotal in warfare during the Civil War…as well as many wars before (think Korean turtle ships, Crimea, French Navy, Russian….read more here). Also, be sure to check-out ironclads to visit……like the U.S.S. Cairo in Vicksburg, MS…, etc…
Our family's explorations have included several ship tours….there is much to be discovered onboard each vessel. I much prefer ships vs. submarines…….but, that's another story!
Learn more about the two types of wrought iron, puddle and charcoal here. This history of wrought iron is intriguing and if you start reading you will likely jump from site to site to explore the historical connections like the Industrial Revolution….yep, I said explore history….ugghhh…..I may like it after all…..maybe…..from the site…..
One of the first production methods of iron was with the use of bloomeries. A bloomery is a sort of furnace with a pit and chimney, and featured stone or clay walls for heat resistance. Clay pipes entered near the bottom of the pit to allow airflow either from natural source or through the use of a type of air pump known as a bellow. Once a bloomery was filled with charcoal and iron ore it was lit and air was forced through the pipes fueling the fire and heating the mixture to just below the melting point for iron. This forced the impurities to melt and run off while the carbon monoxide from the charcoal reduced the ore to iron in a sponge-like mass. This material was then forged with hammers, which removed impurities in the process.
Innovations such as introducing water power and a blast furnace advanced the process throughout centuries, but it was the invention of the puddling furnace in 1784 that brought wrought iron use to its peak. The puddling technique created the production of wrought iron without charcoal. This enabled a great expansion of iron use throughout Great Britain and that in part sprung the Industrial Revolution.
Okay…..I'll focus…….a tour of wrought iron, landscaping, and architecture in The Holy City….
|parterre perfection :)|
Insert drum roll here………
Witness a blissful union of wrought iron, architecture, and landscape design! My favorite!
Wishing you time to notice and treasure the details in life,